Gul Mohar Class 7 English Grammar - Active and Passive Voice

Active & Passive Voice

The voice of a verb expresses whether the subject in the sentence has performed or received the action.
Types of Voices of Verb
Verbs have two voices
(i) Active Voice
(ii) Passive Voice
 

Active Voice - When an action performed by the subject is expressed by the verb, it is an active voice. Active voice is used when more straightforward relation and clarity is required between the subject and the verb.
*Hens lay eggs.
*Birds build nests.

Passive Voice -  When the action expressed by the verb is received by the subject, it is passive voice. Passive voice is used when the doer of the action is not known and the focus of the sentence is on the action and not the subject.
*Eggs are laid by hens.
*Nests are built by birds.

Conversion of Active and Passive voice example:

Active Voice: Rita wrote a letter. (Subject + Verb + Object)
Passive Voice: A letter was written by Rita.  (Object) + (auxiliary verb) + (past participle) + (by subject).

Rules for Active and Passive Voice Conversions

Rule 1: Identify the (S+V+O) Subject, Verb and object in the active sentence to convert to passive voice
Example: He drives car. (Subject – He, verb – Drives, object – Car)

Rule 2: Interchange the object and subject with each other, i.e. object of the active sentence become the subject of the passive sentence.
Example:
Active voice: She knits sweater. (Subject – She, Verb – Knits, Object – Sweater)
Passive Voice: The sweater is knitted by her. (Object sweater is interchanged with the subject She).

Rule 3: Change the base verb in the active sentence into the past participle ie. third form verb in a passive sentence i.e. preceded by (By, With, to, etc). Base verbs are never used in passive voice sentences.
Example:
*Active voice: She prepares dinner.
*Passive voice: The dinner is prepared by her.

*Active voice: She knows him.
*Passive voice: He is known to her.

*Active voice: Juice fills the jar.
*Passive voice: The jar is filled with juice.

Rule 4: While conversion of Active voice sentence to Passive voice sentence, the pronoun used in the sentence also changes in the following manner.
I…. Me
We…. Us
He…. Him
She…. Her
They…. Them
You…. You
It…. It

The third form of the verb (V3) or past participle is used as main verb in passive voice.
Auxiliary verb differs for each tense.

Passive Voice

Active Voice

Keep

Is kept

Is keeping

Is being kept

Kept

Was kept

Was keeping

Was being kept

Have kept

Has been kept

Had kept

Had been kept

Will keep

Will be kept

Changing interrogative sentences into the passive

The primary auxiliary verbs do, does or did does not appear in the passive form.

The verbs has, have, had, will, shall, can, may etc., do not change their position at the beginning of the sentence when the active voice is changed to the passive voice.

The question words when, why, where, how or what does not change their position at the beginning of the sentence when the active voice is changed into the passive voice. Note that who changes to by whom and whom into who.

Do /Does ……..is/are
Did………..was/were
Has /have/ had……..been

Active voice: Did she recognize you?
Passive voice: Were you recognized by her?

Active voice: Can anybody cure it?
Passive voice: Can it be cured (by anybody)?

Active voice: Who wrote this book?
Passive voice: By whom was this book written?

Active voice: Have you finished work?
Passive voice: Has the work been finished by you?

Active voice: When will they announce the results?
Passive voice: When will the results be announced (by them)?

Active voice: Have you invited them?
Passive voice: Have they been invited by you?

Active voice: Will you help him?
Passive voice: Will he be helped by you?

What did he say? (Active Voice)
What was said by him? (Passive Voice)

Whom did you invite? (Active Voice)
Who was invited by you? (Passive Voice)

No comments:

Post a Comment

Also read!

Class 6 Solutions

• Class 7

Class 7 Computer Kips Solutions
Class 7 Gul Mohar English Solutions
English Grammar Class 7
English Writing Skills Class 7
Class 7 Map Pointing Solutions
Class 7 NCERT Civics Solutions
Class 7 NCERT Civics Notes
Class 7 NCERT Civics Extra Questions
Class 7 NCERT Geography Solutions
Class 7 NCERT Geography Notes
Class 7 NCERT Geography Extra Questions
Class 7 NCERT History Solutions
Class 7 NCERT History Notes
Class 7 NCERT History Extra Questions
Class 7 NCERT Maths Solutions
Class 7 NCERT Science Solutions
Class 7 NCERT Science Notes
Class 7 NCERT Science Extra Questions

• Class 8

Class 8 Kips Artificial Intelligence Solutions
Class 8 Gul Mohar English Solutions
English Grammar Class 8
English Writing Skills Class 8
Class 8 Map Pointing Solutions
Class 8 NCERT Civics Solutions
Class 8 NCERT Civics Notes
Class 8 NCERT Civics Extra Questions
Class 8 NCERT Geography Solutions
Class 8 NCERT Geography Notes
Class 8 NCERT Geography Extra Questions
Class 8 NCERT History Solutions
Class 8 NCERT History Notes
Class 8 NCERT History Extra Questions
Class 8 NCERT Maths Solutions
Class 8 NCERT Science Solutions
Class 8 NCERT Science Notes
Class 8 NCERT Science Extra Questions
Class 8 NCERT Science Exemplar
Class 8 NCERT Science MCQs

Class 9 Solutions

• Class 10

Class 10 Kips Artificial Intelligence Solutions
Class 10 NCERT English Solutions
→ Class 10 Map Pointing Solutions
Class 10 NCERT Civics Solutions
Class 10 NCERT Civics Notes
Class 10 NCERT Civics Extra Questions
Class 10 NCERT Geography Solutions
Class 10 NCERT Geography Notes
Class 10 NCERT Geography Extra Questions
Class 10 NCERT History Solutions
→ Class 10 NCERT History Notes
Class 10 NCERT History Extra Questions
Class 10 NCERT Maths Solutions
Class 10 NCERT Science Solutions
Class 10 NCERT Science Notes
Class 10 NCERT Science Extra Questions

• Computer languages
Python Basics

• Extra Activities
Extra Activities

• Extra Knowledge
Extra Information
General Knowledge
Historical Places in India
Latest technology
Physical Sciences
Facts

• Mathematics quick links
Mathematical Terms
Maths Tricks

CONTACT US