NCERT Class 7 Geography Chapter 5 - Water Notes

Chapter 5 - Water Notes

1. The sun’s heat causes evaporation of water vapour. When the water vapour cools down, it condenses and forms clouds is called water vapour.

2. The process by which water continually changes its form and circulates between oceans, atmosphere and land is known as the water cycle.

3. The major sources of fresh water are the rivers, ponds, springs and glaciers.

4. The water of the oceans is salty or saline as it contains large amount of dissolved salts. Ocean water is 97.3% of total water available on the earth.

5. Ocean water keeps moving continuously, it is never still.

6. The movements that occur in oceans can be broadly categorized as:
a) Waves
b) Tides
c) Currents.

6. When the water on the surface of the ocean rises and falls alternately, they are called waves.

7. An earthquake, a volcanic eruption or underwater landslides can shift large amounts of ocean water. This results in a huge tidal wave called tsunami, which may be as high as 15 m.

8. The rhythmic rise and fall of ocean water twice in a day is called a tide. When water covers much of the shore by rising to its highest level it is called high tide. It is low tide when water falls to its lowest level and recedes from the shore.

9. The strong gravitational pull exerted by the sun and the moon on the earth’s surface causes the tides.

10. During the full moon and new moon days, the sun, the moon and the earth are in the same line and the tides are the highest. These tides are called spring tides.

11. When the moon is in its first and last quarter, the ocean waters get drawn in diagonally opposite direction by the gravitational pull of sun and earth resulting in low tides. These tides are called neap tides.

12. Ocean currents are streams of water flowing constantly on the ocean surface in definite directions. The ocean currents may be warm or cold.

13. Generally the warm ocean currents originate near the equator and move towards the poles.

14. The cold currents carry water from polar or higher latitudes to tropical or lower latitudes.

15. The ocean current influence the temperature conditions of the area. Warm currents bring about warm temperature over land surface.

16. The areas where the warm and cold currents meet provide the best fishing grounds of world. Example: Seas around Japan and the eastern coast of North America are examples of this.

17. The areas where a warm and cold current meet also experience foggy weather making it difficult for navigation.

18. Terrarium is an artificial enclosure for keeping small houseplants.

19. Salinity is the amount of salt in grams present in1000 grams of water. The average salinity of the oceans is 35 parts per thousand.

20. Dead sea in Israel has salinity of 340 grams per litre of water. Swimmers can float in it because the increased salt content makes it dense.

21. March 22 is celebrated as World Water Day when the need to conserve water is reinforced indifferent ways.

22. Waves are formed when winds scrape across the ocean surface. The stronger the wind blows, the bigger the wave becomes.

23. Tsunami is a Japanese word that means “Harbour waves” as the harbours get destroyed whenever there is tsunami.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Also read!

Class 6 Solutions

• Class 7

Class 7 Computer Kips Solutions
Class 7 Gul Mohar English Solutions
English Grammar Class 7
English Writing Skills Class 7
Class 7 Map Pointing Solutions
Class 7 NCERT Civics Solutions
Class 7 NCERT Civics Notes
Class 7 NCERT Civics Extra Questions
Class 7 NCERT Geography Solutions
Class 7 NCERT Geography Notes
Class 7 NCERT Geography Extra Questions
Class 7 NCERT History Solutions
Class 7 NCERT History Notes
Class 7 NCERT History Extra Questions
Class 7 NCERT Maths Solutions
Class 7 NCERT Science Solutions
Class 7 NCERT Science Notes
Class 7 NCERT Science Extra Questions

• Class 8

Class 8 Kips Artificial Intelligence Solutions
Class 8 Gul Mohar English Solutions
English Grammar Class 8
English Writing Skills Class 8
Class 8 Map Pointing Solutions
Class 8 NCERT Civics Solutions
Class 8 NCERT Civics Notes
Class 8 NCERT Civics Extra Questions
Class 8 NCERT Geography Solutions
Class 8 NCERT Geography Notes
Class 8 NCERT Geography Extra Questions
Class 8 NCERT History Solutions
Class 8 NCERT History Notes
Class 8 NCERT History Extra Questions
Class 8 NCERT Maths Solutions
Class 8 NCERT Science Solutions
Class 8 NCERT Science Notes
Class 8 NCERT Science Extra Questions
Class 8 NCERT Science Exemplar
Class 8 NCERT Science MCQs

Class 9 Solutions

• Class 10

Class 10 Kips Artificial Intelligence Solutions
Class 10 NCERT English Solutions
→ Class 10 Map Pointing Solutions
Class 10 NCERT Civics Solutions
Class 10 NCERT Civics Notes
Class 10 NCERT Civics Extra Questions
Class 10 NCERT Geography Solutions
Class 10 NCERT Geography Notes
Class 10 NCERT Geography Extra Questions
Class 10 NCERT History Solutions
→ Class 10 NCERT History Notes
Class 10 NCERT History Extra Questions
Class 10 NCERT Maths Solutions
Class 10 NCERT Science Solutions
Class 10 NCERT Science Notes
Class 10 NCERT Science Extra Questions

• Computer languages
Python Basics

• Extra Activities
Extra Activities

• Extra Knowledge
Extra Information
General Knowledge
Historical Places in India
Latest technology
Physical Sciences
Facts

• Mathematics quick links
Mathematical Terms
Maths Tricks

CONTACT US