Gul Mohar Class 8 English Grammar - Finite and Non-Finite Verbs

Finite and Non-Finite Verbs




Gerunds
Gerunds are words that are formed with verbs but act as nouns. Gerund is a verb with -ing tacked to its tail.
Example:
•  Visiting New York is always an experience.
("Visiting" is the subject of the verb "is.")
• I love visiting New York.
("Visiting" is the direct object of the verb "love.")
• I surprised them by visiting New York.
("Visiting" is the object of the preposition "by.")
• My highlight was visiting New York.
("Visiting" is a subject complement. It completes the linking verb "was" and renames the subject, making it a subject complement.)

Verbs with to-infinitives
We use the to-infinitive after certain verbs (verbs followed by to-infinitive),
The infinitives is used:
After certain verbs, adjectives and nouns.
• Verb + Infinitives
Example:
→ They hope to reach the party on time.
→ I want to try the new ice-cream flavor.
• Adjective + Infinitive
→ I’m happy to hear you are well.
→ She’s delighted to see him.
• Noun + Infinitive
→ I’ve got some homework to do.

Bare infinitive
The infinitive without 'to' is called the bare infinitive, or the base form of a verb.
The Zero Infinitive
• After modal auxiliary verbs (will, shall, would, could etc)
Example:
→ My sister could play the piano when she was five.
→ You must get up earlier in the morning.
• After certain verbs (hear, see, make, let etc)
Example:
→ He saw her fall from the cliff.
→ She made her kids tidy their beds.
• After expressions “would rather” and “had better
Example:
→ I’d rather stay at home than go out tonight.
→ It’s cold. The children had better wear their coats.
• Used with WHY
Example:
→ Why wait until tomorrow?
→ Why leave before the end of the match?

Participle
A participle is a verbal that is used as an adjective and most often ends in -ing or -ed etc. There are two types of participles: present participles and past participles. Present participles end in -ing. Past participles end in -ed, -en, -d, -t, -n, or -ne as in the words asked, eaten, saved, dealt, seen, and gone.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Also read!

Class 6 Solutions

• Class 7

Class 7 Computer Kips Solutions
Class 7 Gul Mohar English Solutions
English Grammar Class 7
English Writing Skills Class 7
Class 7 Map Pointing Solutions
Class 7 NCERT Civics Solutions
Class 7 NCERT Civics Notes
Class 7 NCERT Civics Extra Questions
Class 7 NCERT Geography Solutions
Class 7 NCERT Geography Notes
Class 7 NCERT Geography Extra Questions
Class 7 NCERT History Solutions
Class 7 NCERT History Notes
Class 7 NCERT History Extra Questions
Class 7 NCERT Maths Solutions
Class 7 NCERT Science Solutions
Class 7 NCERT Science Notes
Class 7 NCERT Science Extra Questions

• Class 8

Class 8 Kips Artificial Intelligence Solutions
Class 8 Gul Mohar English Solutions
English Grammar Class 8
English Writing Skills Class 8
Class 8 Map Pointing Solutions
Class 8 NCERT Civics Solutions
Class 8 NCERT Civics Notes
Class 8 NCERT Civics Extra Questions
Class 8 NCERT Geography Solutions
Class 8 NCERT Geography Notes
Class 8 NCERT Geography Extra Questions
Class 8 NCERT History Solutions
Class 8 NCERT History Notes
Class 8 NCERT History Extra Questions
Class 8 NCERT Maths Solutions
Class 8 NCERT Science Solutions
Class 8 NCERT Science Notes
Class 8 NCERT Science Extra Questions
Class 8 NCERT Science Exemplar
Class 8 NCERT Science MCQs

• Class 9

Class 9 Kips Artificial Intelligence Solutions
Class 9 Map Pointing Solutions
Class 9 NCERT Civics Solutions
Class 9 NCERT Geography Solutions
Class 9 NCERT History Solutions
Class 9 NCERT Maths Solutions
Class 9 NCERT Science Solutions

• Class 10

Class 10 Kips Artificial Intelligence Solutions
Class 10 NCERT English Solutions
→ Class 10 Map Pointing Solutions
Class 10 NCERT Civics Solutions
Class 10 NCERT Civics Notes
Class 10 NCERT Civics Extra Questions
Class 10 NCERT Geography Solutions
Class 10 NCERT Geography Notes
Class 10 NCERT Geography Extra Questions
Class 10 NCERT History Solutions
→ Class 10 NCERT History Notes
Class 10 NCERT History Extra Questions
Class 10 NCERT Maths Solutions
Class 10 NCERT Science Solutions
Class 10 NCERT Science Notes
Class 10 NCERT Science Extra Questions

• Computer languages
Python Basics

• Extra Activities
Extra Activities

• Extra Knowledge
Extra Information
General Knowledge
Historical Places in India
Latest technology
Physical Sciences
Facts (Animals)
Facts (Extra)

• Mathematics quick links
Cubes of numbers
Squares of numbers
Mathematical Terms
Maths Tricks