NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 7 - Our Country - India

Chapter 7 - Our Country - India

Question 1: Answer the following questions briefly.
a) Name the major physical divisions of India.
b) India shares its land boundaries with seven countries. Name them.
c) Which two major rivers fall into the Arabian Sea?
d) Name the delta formed by the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.
e) How many States and Union Territories are there in India? Which states have a common capital?
f) Why do a large number of people live in the Northern plains?
g) Why is Lakshadweep known as a coral island?
Answer:

a) The major physical divisions of India are
• The Himalayas
• The Northern Indian Plains
• The Peninsular Plateau
• The Coastal Plains
• The Islands

b) India shares its land boundaries with seven countries. These include
• Nepal
• Bhutan
• Myanmar
• Bangladesh
• Pakistan
• China
• Afghanistan

c) The two rivers that fall into the Arabian Sea are Narmada and Tapi.

d) The Sunderban delta is formed by the Ganga Brahmaputra River.

e) There are 28 states (according to 2021) and 8 Union Territories (according to 2021). Punjab and Haryana have the same capital at Chandigarh.

f) A large number of people live in the Northern Plains, because the river plains provide fertile land for cultivation.

g) Corals are skeletons of tiny marine animals called Polyps. When the living polyps die, their skeletons are left. Other poplyps grow on top of the hard skeleton which grows higher and higher, thus forming the coral islands. Lakshadweep Islands are located in the Arabian Sea. These are coral islands located off the coast of Kerala.

Question 2: Tick the correct answers.
a) The southernmost Himalayas are known as
i) Shiwaliks
ii) Himadri
iii) Himachal
Answer:
i) Shiwaliks

b) Sahyadris is also known as
i) Aravali
ii) Western Ghats
iii) Himadri
Answer:
ii) Western Ghats

c) The Palk Strait lies between the countries
i) Sri Lanka and Maldives
ii) India and Sri Lanka
iii) India and Maldives
Answer:
ii) India and Sri Lanka

d) The Indian islands in the Arabian Sea are known as
i) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
ii) Lakshadweep Islands
iii) Maldives
Answer:
ii) Lakshadweep Islands

e) The oldest mountain range in India is the
i) Aravali hills
ii) Western ghats
iii) Himalayas
Answer:
i) Aravali hills

Question 3: Fill in the blanks.
a) India has an area of about ________________.
b) The Greater Himalayas are also known as _________________.
c) The largest state in India in terms of area is __________________.
d) The river Narmada falls into the __________________ sea.
e) The latitude that runs almost halfway through India is ___________.
Answer:

a) India has an area of about 3.28 million km².
b) The Greater Himalayas are also known as Himadri.
c) The largest state in India in terms of area is Rajasthan.
d) The river Narmada falls into the Arabian Sea.
e) The latitude that runs almost halfway through India is Tropic of Cancer.

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