## Chapter 8 - Winds, Storms and Cyclones

Question 1: Fill the missing word in the blank spaces in the following statements:

(a) Wind is moving air.
(b) Winds are generated due to
uneven heating on the earth.
(c) Near the earth’s surface
warm air rises up whereas cold air comes down.
(d) Air moves from a region of
high air pressure to a region of low air pressure.

Question 2: Suggest two methods to find out wind direction at a given place.
The different methods to find out the wind direction at a given place are
a) We can find out the direction of the wind by following the way of the leaves.
b) By seeing the direction in which it is difficult to walk.

Question 3: State two experiences that made you think that air exerts pressure (other than those given in the text).

a) When we fill the air in the balloon, it becomes tight and if we try to fill more air balloon will get burst which proves air exerts pressure.
b) Wind causes curtains, doors and windows to move with the direction of the wind. This demonstrates air exerts pressure.

Question 4: You want to buy a house. Would you like to buy a house having windows but no ventilators? Explain your answer.
No, it is not a good idea to buy a house without ventilators as warm air is lighter than cold air hence warm air passes out of your home through ventilators. Without ventilators, warm air will not pass out, and the house will remain warm.

Question 5: Explain why holes are made in hanging banners and hoardings.
The holes in the banner are made because holes in the banners and hoardings help air to pass through it. Hence, banner can withstand the pressure of the air and remains intact.

We can help our neighbours by following ways in case of cyclones:
*We can help them to shift to a safer place that is far from the cyclones.
*We can call to the emergence services such as fire station, police etc.

Question 7: What planning is required in advance to deal with the situation created by a cyclone?
The planning required in advance dealing with the situation created by a cyclone are
*We should not ignore the warnings issued by the meteorological department.
*We should - make necessary arrangements to shift the essential household goods, domestic animals and vehicles, etc. to safer places.
*Phone numbers of all emergency services like police, fire brigade, and medical centres should be handy.
*We should always store drinking water for emergencies.
*We should not touch wet switches and fallen power lines.

Question 8: Which one of the following places is unlikely to be affected by a cyclone?
(i) Chennai
(ii) Mangaluru (Mangalore)
(iii) Amritsar
(iv) Puri