NCERT Class 9 Maths Chapter 4 Linear Equations in Two Variables Exercise 4.2

Chapter 4 Linear Equations in Two Variables Exercise 4.2

Question 1: Which one of the following options is true, and why?
y = 3x + 5 has
(i) a unique solution,      (ii) only two solutions,       (iii) infinitely many solutions
Answer:

(iii) infinitely many solutions is the correct option as a linear equation in two variables has many solutions i.e. infinite solutions.

Question 2: Write four solutions for each of the following equations:
(i) 2x + y = 7      (ii) πx + y = 9      (iii) x = 4y
Answer:

i) 2x + y = 7

x

2

1

3.5

0

y

3

5

0

7


ii) πx + y = 9

x

1

0

-1

9/π

y

π - 9

9

9 + π

0


iii) x = 4y

x

0

4

-4

2

y

0

1

-1

1/2

Question 3: Check which of the following are solutions of the equation x - 2y = 4 and which are not:
(i) (0, 2)      (ii) (2, 0)      (iii) (4, 0)      (iv) (√2 , 4√2)      (v) (1, 1)
Answer:

For i) (0, 2)
x - 2y = 4
= (0) - 2(2) = 4
= 0 - 4 = 4
= -4 ≠ 4

For ii) (2, 0)
x - 2y = 4
= (2) - 2(0) = 4
= 2 - 0 = 4
= 2 ≠ 4

For iii) (4, 0)
x - 2y = 4
= (4) - 2(0) = 4
= 4 - 0 = 4
= 4 = 4

For iv) (√2 , 4√2)
x - 2y = 4
= (√2) - 2(4√2) = 4
= √2 - 8√2 = 4
= -7√2 ≠ 4

For v) (1, 1)
x - 2y = 4
= (1) - 2(1) = 4
= 1 - 2 = 4
= -1 ≠ 4

Therefore option iii) is solution for x - 2y = 4.

Question 4: Find the value of k, if x = 2, y = 1 is a solution of the equation 2x + 3y = k.
Answer:

If x = 2 and y = 1, then the value of k in 2x + 3y = k is
2(2) + 3(1) = k
= 4 + 3 = k
= 7 = k

Hence k = 7.

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