NCERT Class 7 Civics Chapter 1 - On Equality Extra Questions

Chapter 1 - On Equality Extra Questions

Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does democracy mean?
a) Equal right to vote
b) Unequal right to vote
c) Discrimination
d) All of these
Answer:
a) Equal right to vote

2. According to Universal Adult Franchise every adult has:
a) No vote
b) one vote
c) multiple vote
d) All of these
Answer:
b) one vote

3. What is NOT the element of equality?
a) Justice
b) Religion
c) Wealth
d) Health
Answer:
b) Religion

4. Whose autobiography is ‘Joothan’?
a) Omprakash Valmiki
b) Mahatma Gandhi
c) Jawaharlal Nehru
d) None of these
Answer:
a) Omprakash Valmiki

5. When persons are treated unequally, ______ is violated.
a) Dignity
b) Religion
c) Caste
d) Practice
Answer:
a) Dignity

6. Who drafted the Indian Constitution?
a) Lal Bahadur Shastri
b) Mahatma Gandhi
c) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
d) None of these
Answer:
c) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

Match the following
Answer:


Answer the following questions:
7. What are the key elements of a democracy?
Answer
:
The key elements of a democracy are -
• Rule by the people
• Justice and Equality
• Guarantee of basic human rights to every citizen
• The rule of law
• Separation of powers
• Governance for public goods
• Participation of citizen in politics and civic life

8. When person are treated unequally, their dignity is violated. How?
Answer:
When person are treated unequally their dignity is violated because they feel humiliated. The dignity of Omprakash Valmiki and the Ansaris was violated because of the way they were treated.

9. What is Dalit?
Answer:

• Dalit is a term that the so-called lower castes use to address themselves.
• Dalit means ‘broken’.
• By using this word, lower castes point to how they were and continue to be seriously discriminated against.

10. What provisions in the constitution of India in respect of recognition of equality.
Answer:

• Every person is equal before law.
• Nobody can be discriminated against the basis of their religion, caste, gender, etc.
• Every person has excess to all public places (He / She has the right to go anywhere, any place in India).
• Untouchability has been abolished.

11. What are the major challenges to democracy?
Answer:

• Growing economic and social inequalities
• Role of anti-social elements
• Corruption and efficiency
• Casteism and communalism

12. When was the Civil Rights Act enacted in USA?
Answer:
The Civil Rights Act was enacted in USA in 1964.

13. What is the most important step the government has taken to end inequality?
Answer:

• One of the steps taken by the government is the midday meal scheme.
• This refers to the programme introduced in all government elementary schools. It provides children with cooked lunch.
• Tamil Nadu was the first state in India to introduce this scheme.
• In 2001, the Supreme Court asked all state governments to begin this programme in their schools within six months.
• This programme has many positive effects which include the fact that more poor children have begun enrolling and regularly attending school.
• This programme has also helped reduce caste prejudices because both lower and upper caste children in the school eat this meal together.
• In a few places, Dalit women have been employed to cook the meal.
• The mid-day meal programme also helps reduce the hunger of poor students.

Fill in the Blanks
14. India is
democratic country.

15. Every person is equal before the
law.

16.
Tamil Nadu was the first state to introduce Midday meal scheme.

17. When people are treated unequally their
dignity is violated.

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