NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 4 - Key Elements of a Democratic Government

Chapter 4 - Key Elements of a Democratic Government

Question 1: How would Maya's life be different in South Africa today?
Answer:
Maya’s life would be different in South Africa today in the following manner:
• She can use roads, buses, and railway trains as others do without any discrimination and she can go to hotels and restaurants.
• She can use hospitals and ambulances as others do.
• She can walk in the parks freely.
• She has no fear of police.

Question 2: What are the various ways in which people participate in the process of government?
Answer:
People participate in the process of government:
• By criticising the government on various unpopular issues.
• By taking out rallies, signature campaigns.
• By opposing various unpopular resolutions, bills, and issues in state legislatures and parliament through their representatives.

Question 3: Why do you think we need the government to find solutions to many disputes or conflicts?
Answer:
We need the government to find solutions to many disputes and conflicts because
• Disputes and conflicts block the way to progress.
• They often turn violent and cause damage to the property and life of the people.
• Government has to compensate people who are killed, wounded or whose properties are destroyed in violent incidents.
• Crores of rupees are spent on committees and commissions.
• The attention of the government is diverted towards welfare measures.

Question 4: What actions does the government take to ensure that all people are treated equally?
Answer:
The government ensures that the constitutional provisions are implied in the country. It makes laws and enforces them to abolish all sorts of discrimination. It makes provisions to provide equal facilities to all classes of people, promotion of education among girls, and economically backward. These are some of the actions that the government takes to ensure equality among people.

Question 5: Read through the chapter and discuss some of the key ideas of a democratic government. Make a list. For example, all people are equal.
Answer:

• Equality and justice
• Ban on untouchability
• Equality on the basis of caste, creed, and sex
• Boys and girls are equal
• No discrimination against anyone

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