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## Chapter 3 Playing With Numbers Exercise 3.2

Question 1: What is the sum of any two (a) Odd numbers? (b) Even numbers?

a) The sum of any two odd numbers is even. Example: 11 + 17 = 28
b) The sum of any two even numbers is even. Example: 8 + 2 = 10

Question 2: State whether the following statements are True or False:
a) The sum of three odd numbers is even.
b) The sum of two odd numbers and one even number is even.
c) The product of three odd numbers is odd.
d) If an even number is divided by 2, the quotient is always odd.
e) All prime numbers are odd.
f) Prime numbers do not have any factors.
g) Sum of two prime numbers is always even.
h) 2 is the only even prime number.
i) All even numbers are composite numbers.
j) The product of two even numbers is always even.

a) False
b) True
c) True
d) False
e) False
f) False
g) False
h) True
i) False
j) True

Question 3: The numbers 13 and 31 are prime numbers. Both these numbers have same digits 1 and 3. Find such pairs of prime numbers upto 100.
Such pair of prime numbers are 17 and 71, 37 and 73, 79 and 97.

Question 4: Write down separately the prime and composite numbers less than 20.

Prime numbers: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19
Composite numbers: 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18

Question 5: What is the greatest prime number between 1 and 10?
7 is the greatest prime number between 1 and 10.

Question 6: Express the following as the sum of two odd primes.
a) 44
b) 36
c) 24
d) 18

a) 44 = 3 + 41
b) 36 = 5 + 31
c) 24 = 5 + 19
d) 18 = 5 + 13

Question 7: Give three pairs of prime numbers whose difference is 2. [Remark: Two prime numbers whose difference is 2 are called twin primes].
The three pair of prime numbers whose difference is 2 are 3, 5; 5, 7; 11, 13.

Question 8: Which of the following numbers are prime?
a) 23
b) 51
c) 37
d) 26

a) 23 is a prime number.
b) 51 is a composite number.
c) 37 is a prime number.
d) 26 is a composite number.

Question 9: Write seven consecutive composite numbers less than 100 so that there is no prime number between them.
The seven consecutive composite numbers, less than 100 so that there is no prime number between them, are 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96.

Question 10: Express each of the following numbers as the sum of three odd primes:
a) 21
b) 31
c) 53
d) 61

a) 3 + 5 + 13 = 21
b) 3 + 5 + 23 = 31
c) 13 + 17 + 23 = 53
d) 7 + 13 + 41 = 61

Question 11: Write five pairs of prime numbers less than 20 whose sum is divisible by 5. (Hint: 3 + 7 = 10)
The five pairs of prime numbers less than 20 whose sum is divisible by 5 are
→ 2, 3 = 2 + 3 = 5/5 = 1
→ 2, 13 = 2 + 13 = 15/5 = 3
→ 3, 17 = 3 + 17 = 20/5 = 4
→ 7, 13 = 7 + 13 = 20/5 = 4
→ 11, 19 = 11 + 19 = 30/5 = 6

Question 12: Fill in the blanks:
a) A number which has only two factors is called a ______.
b) A number which has more than two factors is called a ______.
c) 1 is neither ______ nor ______.
d) The smallest prime number is ______.
e) The smallest composite number is _____.
f) The smallest even number is ______.

a) A number which has only two factors is called a prime number.
b) A number which has more than two factors is called a composite number.
c) 1 is neither composite number nor prime number.
d) The smallest prime number is 2.
e) The smallest composite number is 4.
f) The smallest even number is 2.