NCERT Class 6 Science Chapter 2 Components of Food

Chapter 2 Components of Food

Question 1: Name the major nutrients in our food.
Answer:
The major nutrients in our food are
• Carbohydrates
• Proteins
• Fats
• Minerals
• Vitamins
• Water
• Dietary fibre

Question 2: Name the following:
a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.
b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.
c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.
d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.
Answer:

a) Carbohydrates
b) Proteins
c) Vitamin A
d) Calcium

Question 3: Name two foods each rich in:
a) Fats
b) Starch
c) Dietary fibre
d) Protein
Answer:

a) Fats - Ghee, Butter
b) Starch - Rice, Potato
c) Dietary fibre - Spinach, Carrot
d) Protein - Fish, Milk

Question 4: Tick (✓) the statements that are correct.
a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body. ( )
b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. ( )
c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. ( )
d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ( )
Answer:

a) ✕
b) ✓
c) ✓
d) ✕

Question 5: Fill in the blanks.
a) ______________ is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.
b) Deficiency of ______________ causes a disease known as beri-beri.
c) Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as ______________.
d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of ____________ in our food.
Answer:

a) Rickets is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.
b) Deficiency of Vitamin B1 causes a disease known as beri-beri.
c) Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as Scurvy.
d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin A in our food.

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