NCERT English Beehive Class 9 Chapter 4 - A Truely Beautiful Mind

Chapter 4 - A Truely Beautiful Mind

Question and Answers
Question 1: How was Einstein a world citizen?
Answer:
Albert Einstein was a highly talented physicist who had invented numerous scientific concepts that would prove to be useful to humanity if used with the right intensions. When he understood the discovery of nuclear fission, he was afraid the Nazis could build and use an atomic explosive making use of the concept. He wrote a letter to American President, Franklin D. Roosevelt warning against the same. His words had an effect so much that the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were completely destroyed. Shaken by the extent of destruction he wrote a public missive to the United Nation. Over the next decade he got ever more involved in politics agitating for an end to the arms builder and used his popularity to campaign for peace and democracy. Thus, Einstein proved to be a world citizen.

Question 2: Why did Albert write a letter to Franklin Roosevelt?
Answer:
The Nazis in Germany discovered the power of nuclear fission. He and other American physicists were afraid that if the idea of nuclear fission was used for destructive purpose, it would cause immense damage. Therefore, Einstein wrote a letter to the President Franklin Roosevelt warning him against devastation effects of the atom bomb and the use of bomb in the advent of German aggression.

Question 3: How did Einstein react to the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
Answer:
Einstein was deeply shaken by the extent of destruction caused by the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He wrote a public missive to the United Nation and proposed a world government. For the next decade, he became active in politics agitating for an end to the arms build-up and campaigned for peace and democracy.

Question 4: What did Einstein call his desk drawer at patent office? Why?
Answer:
Einstein called his desk drawer at patent office in Bern where he was working as technical expert and assessed other people’s invention, ‘the Bureau of theoretical Physics’ because he constantly developed new ideas and kept all the papers related to them in secret in that desk.

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