What are the 7 continents of the world?

What are the 7 continents of the world?

When we look at the globe, it is not difficult to spot these large solid areas of land, we call continents. They come in all shapes and sizes from small to large. And the Earth has 7 continents in total. They are Asia, Africa, Europe, North America, South America, Australia and Antarctica. Although these continents are part of one world but, they all have different climatic conditions, environment, population, and much more. What makes these continents look different from each other?

1. Asia is the largest continent. It covers one-third of all the land on the Earth. It is home to whopping two-third of the world’s population living in 48 countries. Among these are China, and India they hold the number one and number two spots for being the most populated countries in the world with merely one billion people each. Not only that the world’s highest mountain Himalayas, as well as the highest plateau, The Tibetan Plateau, are located in the Asian continent. And it is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean.


2. Africa is the second largest continent. It lies between the Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean. It consists of fifty-four different countries that are more than any other continents. It is blessed with the world’s longest river the Nile in the East, and the northern part is engulfed with the world’s largest desert, the Sahara desert. Not only that, but this continent is also home to many wild animals such as lions, elephants, zebras, rhinos, and many more animals.

3. Europe is the world’s second smallest continent. This place is home to one-quarter of the total population in the world that stays in nearly fifty one independent countries with various ethnic groups and languages. Europe’s western coast is on the Atlantic Ocean while it is divided from Africa by the Mediterranean Sea in the South. The European part of Russia covers more area than any other country. And the Vatican City is the smallest country not only in Europe but also in the world.

4. North America is the world’s third largest continent. This area is surrounded by the Arctic Ocean in the North, the Atlantic Ocean on the East, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the West by the North Pacific Ocean. It is made of twenty three different countries, some of which are the USA, Canada, Mexico as well as Caribbean Islands. This beautiful place is blessed with natural wonders such as Yellowstone National Park and the Grand Canyon. The human-made Panama Canal separated North America from South America.

5. South America is the world’s fourth largest continent bordered on the West by the Pacific Ocean and on North and East by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lies to the Northwest. It consists of twelve different sovereign states, and some of them are famous for their soccer teams such as Brazil, Columbia, and Argentina. It is also blessed with the Amazon River, rain forest, the world’s driest desert the Atacama and the world’s longest mountain range, the Andes. It is also home to many unique animals such as Capybara, Llamas and Anacondas.

6. Australia is also a country and a continent. And when you add New Zealand, New Guinea, and a few other island to it, we also call this continent, Australia. Also it lies between the Indian Ocean in the west, and the Pacific in the east. Some of the famous places in the region are the Opera house in Sydney, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Great Ocean Road, Victoria and much more.

7. Antarctica is the fifth largest continent of the world. It is surrounded by the southern ocean. This place is almost entirely covered in ice and the temperature can drop below -80 Degree Celsius. But despite such cold weather, this great white continent is home to many species such as seals, seabirds, and many more.

Did you know, sometimes people think of Europe and Asia as a single continent and call it Eurasia? Also India and many other regions around it like Pakistan, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Maldives, and Sri Lanka, makes the Indian subcontinent.

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